Getting started with Tests

Getting started (continue) with Tests

Now that you have finished the Getting started, you should have a Microcks installation up-and-running and filled with some samples coming from the Microcks repository. The goal of this page is to introduce you how you can use Microcks to realize Contract Testing for your API, either manually from the UI or in an automated way using the CLI tooling.

If you have not do it in previous step, you will need to load one of Microcks samples that is the Pastry API. For that, just create a new Importer with the Pastry API name and this URL : https://raw.githubusercontent.com/microcks/microcks/master/samples/APIPastry-openapi.yaml

Once loaded, Microcks will discover the API Pastry - 2.0 in version 2.0.0. You will be able to browse the operations/resources and associated request/response samples of this service.

sample-pastry-details

You’ll see that this sample contains a number of different features. It will allow to illustrate:

  • Simple GET operation mocking and testing,
  • Path parameters matching and testing,
  • Content negociation matching and testing.

Now that we have the sample API registered in Microcks, we’ll have to deploy an implementation of this API contract. This will be our System Under Test.

Deploying the API Pastry implementation

We provide a basic implementation of the API Pastry - 2.0 in version 2.0.0 API and you may find the source code of it within this GitHub repository. The component is available as the following container image: quay.io/microcks/quarkus-api-pastry:latest.

Follow the coming instructions depending on the platform you used for deploying Microcks (Kubernetes or docker-compose).

On Kubernetes

On Kubernetes, we recommend creating a dedicated namespace for holding the component. You can reuse our manifests to easily create a Deployment and associated Service as well as an Ingress that will allow you exposing the application outside the cluster. You’ll need to edit this Ingress in order to fix the URL to suit your cluster settings.

$ kubectl create ns api-pastry
namespace/api-pastry created

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/microcks/api-lifecycle/master/api-pastry-demo/api-implementations/quarkus-api-pastry/deployment.yml -n api-pastry
deployment.apps/quarkus-api-pastry created
service/quarkus-api-pastry created

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/microcks/api-lifecycle/master/api-pastry-demo/api-implementations/quarkus-api-pastry/ingress.yml -n api-pastry
ingress.networking.k8s.io/quarkus-api-pastry created

$ kubectl edit ingress/quarkus-api-pastry -n api-pastry
ingress.extensions/quarkus-api-pastry edited

You can easily retrieve the URL of the ingress using the following command:

$ kubectl get ingress/quarkus-api-pastry -n api-pastry -o json | jq '.spec.rules[0].host'
"quarkus-api-pastry.192.168.64.8.nip.io"

If you used docker-compose

On docker-compose, locally, you’ll just have to open a new terminal window and run this command to locally launch the component:

$ docker run -i --rm -p 8282:8282 quay.io/microcks/quarkus-api-pastry:latest
__  ____  __  _____   ___  __ ____  ______ 
 --/ __ \/ / / / _ | / _ \/ //_/ / / / __/ 
 -/ /_/ / /_/ / __ |/ , _/ ,< / /_/ /\ \   
--\___\_\____/_/ |_/_/|_/_/|_|\____/___/   
2020-10-19 14:49:37,134 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) quarkus-api-pastry 1.0.0-SNAPSHOT native (powered by Quarkus 1.7.1.Final) started in 0.104s. Listening on: http://0.0.0.0:8282
2020-10-19 14:49:37,135 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Profile prod activated. 
2020-10-19 14:49:37,135 INFO  [io.quarkus] (main) Installed features: [cdi, resteasy, resteasy-jaxb, resteasy-jsonb]

Depending on you system, the application endpoint will be reachable at http://docker.for.mac.localhost:8282 or http://docker.for.win.localhost:8282 or http://localhost:8282.

Launching a test

Our component implementing the API now running, it’s time to launch some tests to check if it is actually compliant with the API Contract. This is what we call Contract Testing. You can launch and run tests from the UI or from the microcks-cli tool.

From the UI

You may already have see it but there’s a NEW TEST… button on the right hand size of the page detailing the API Pastry service. Hitting it leads you to the following form where you will be able to specify an target URL for test, as well as a Runner - a testing strategy for your new launch:

sample-test-form

Just copy/paste here the endpoint URL where your quarkus-api-pastry deployment can be reached - either the Kubernetes Ingress URL or the local docker-compose one. Then select the OPEN_API_SCHEMA test strategy (read here for more on tests runners). And finally, hit the Launch test ! button. This lead you to the following screen when you will wait for tests to run and finalize (green check marks should appear after some seconds).

sample-test-launch

Following the Full results link in the above sreen will lead you to a screen where you’ll have access to all the test details and request/responses content exchnaged with the endpoint during the tests. Very handy for troubleshooting or comparing results on different environments !

sample-test-result

From the CLI

Microcks is also providing the microcks-cli tool that can be used to automate the testing. Binary releases for Linux, MacOS or Windows platform are available on the GitHub releases page. Just download the binary corresponding to your system and put the binary into the PATH somewhere.

You can also use the corresponding container image for a quick ride! Just specify the test command followed by the API/Service name and version, the test endpoint URL, the runner as well as somme connection credentials and it will launch the test for you:

$ docker run -it quay.io/microcks/microcks-cli:latest microcks-cli test \
        'API Pastry - 2.0:2.0.0' http://quarkus-api-pastry.192.168.64.8.nip.io OPEN_API_SCHEMA \
        --microcksURL=https://microcks.192.168.64.8.nip.io/api/ \
        --keycloakClientId=microcks-serviceaccount \
        --keycloakClientSecret=ab54d329-e435-41ae-a900-ec6b3fe15c54 \
        --insecure --waitFor=6sec
MicrocksClient got status for test "5f8eb1a5c696bd71fcdcb6ad" - success: false, inProgress: true 
MicrocksTester waiting for 2 seconds before checking again or exiting.
MicrocksClient got status for test "5f8eb1a5c696bd71fcdcb6ad" - success: true, inProgress: false 

Of course, you will have to replace the test endpoint URL as well as the Microcks URL with the ones from your platform (e.g. http://docker.for.mac.localhost:8282, http://docker.for.win.localhost:8282 for the API Pastry, https://docker.for.mac.localhost:8080 or https://docker.for.win.localhost:8080 for Microcks when using docker-compose)

What’s next?

Now that you have basic information on how to use Microcks for mocking and testing, you can go further with:

“Getting started with Tests” was last updated: October 19, 2020
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